Theories of social development attempt to freud's theory of psychosexual development exception of bandura's theory) to the impact of cognition. Bandura's theory differs from skinner's, because of the expectation that not only can an individual operate on their environment to produce or avoid consequences, but they can also learn behavior by observing indirect consequences, which were not a product of their own actions in an environment. Albert bandura's theory of behaviorism is entirely based on the palpable and not on the subjective, or mental its basic premise is that the world around us, those things that we can see, feel.
John watson was the founder of behavorist theoryquite innovatively for the time, he found freudian-based explanations of behavior too theoretical and disagreed with the eugenic idea of heredity determining how one behaves. Freud believed that the decisions children make shape the personality they have as teenagers and adults also, caregivers of children should be understanding and empathetic of children's emotional states. Bandura's social learning theory can be and to my knowledge is applied in the field of social work social workers are many things to different people the principle of professionalism makes social workers great role models. Sigmund freud was an austrian neurologist who is perhaps most known as the founder of psychoanalysis freud's developed a set of therapeutic techniques centered on talk therapy that involved the use of strategies such as transference, free association, and dream interpretation.
Freud thought a professional should do the analysis of dreams (freud, 1911) whereas james believed that anyone could self reflect (hart, 2008) disagreement with freud's sexual motivation jung and adler, previously associated with freud, disagreed with his theories of sexual motivation and psychosexual development (putnam, 1917. Albert bandura and walters extended social learning theory into the domain of observational learning they said that observational learning or imitation generally takes place in a social situation involving a model and an imitator. The similarities and differences can be broken down through different forms of development by erik erikson, sigmund freud, and albert bandura sigmund freud emphasized the influence of the id, believing that the ego acts only out of borrowed energy and acts best as a commander. Nature vs nurture •is a child's development due more to maturation freud erikson skinner bandura piaget vygotsky bronfenbrenner gardner gesell maslow.
Contrary to freud, bandura rejects internal, bodily sources of motivation and appears to offer nothing more than a concept that the self chooses to act or not - detaching self from bodily source of motivation (newbery, 2009, lecture 7. Since bandura's social learning theory emphasizes overt behavior, critics argue that this is a theory ignoring personality aspects like emotion and motivation their analogy to explain this criticism is described using patients with stomach pains. It is with this in mind that honorable mention must be given to such ithinkers as pavlov, bandura, zimbardo, etc who are all major contributors to the field however this article will focus on the incredible foundation-laying work of sigmund freud, carl rogers, bf skinner, and carl jung.
Erikson vs freud erikson and freud are two names that one cannot miss while talking about psychology sigmund freud is called the father of psychology in terms of theories, freud is known for his psychosexual theory, and erikson is known for his psychosocial theory. In fact, much of the debate on aggression might be framed as a more general nature vs nurture debate aggression-as-instinct a prominent psychologist associated with the aggression-as-instinct school is sigmund freud. Freud v rogers 3 freud vs rogers it has been said that psychological theory, like all scientific theories, cannot be separated from the theorist and the culture and social context in which he theorized (rutherford, 2000. Dr lisa moyer at eastern illinois university narrated powerpoint presentation on bandura and erikson's theories of development for fcs 5850.
The main difference between freud and erikson is their unique visions of what drives an individual's development while freud's theory is centered around basic needs and biological forces, erikson emphasizes the importance of social and environmental factors. Freud's position: freud believed the unconscious mind was the epicentre of our repressed thoughts, traumatic memories, and fundamental drives of sex and aggression he saw it as a storage facility for all hidden sexual desires, resulting in neuroses, or what we would nowadays call mental illness.
Skinner's radical behaviorism vs piaget's cognitive development three case studies john halmi professional paper educ 784 december 11, 2003. Freud thought a strong super-ego was to blame but his later followers thought a weak super-ego was a better explanation albert bandura in his 1961 study makes a. For example, freud's study of little hans is subjective as freud went into the study meaning to prove his theory of the psycho-sexual stages of development, however if this study had taken a more holistic viewpoint then his findings would have been more valid. Contrary to freud, maslow created a third choice which went against bandura's social learning, and freud's psychoanalysis he insisted that there had to be something in between the two.